4 How to Catch Perch: Best Tips and Techniques

how to catch perch

Perch fishing is a popular activity among anglers, and for good reason. Perch are abundant in many bodies of water across North America, making them an accessible and fun target for both experienced and novice fishermen. In this article, we will provide tips and techniques on how to catch perch, including what equipment to use, what bait to use, and where to find them.

To catch perch, you’ll need the right equipment. A light or ultralight rod and reel, spooled with 4-8 pound test monofilament line, is perfect for catching these small but feisty fish. Perch are not picky eaters and can be caught using a variety of baits, including live minnows, worms, and small jigs. It’s important to match your bait to the conditions and time of year, as well as the size of the perch you’re targeting.

When it comes to finding perch, look for structure such as weed beds, rocks, and drop-offs. Perch tend to school together, so if you catch one, there’s a good chance there are more nearby. Pay attention to water temperature and time of day, as these factors can affect where perch are feeding. With the right equipment and techniques, you’ll be able to catch plenty of perch for a fun day on the water.

Choosing the Right Equipment

When it comes to catching perch, choosing the right equipment is crucial. Here are some things to consider when selecting your gear:


A light or ultralight spinning rod is ideal for perch fishing. Look for a rod that is 6 to 7 feet long and has a fast action. This will allow you to detect bites quickly and set the hook with ease.


Pair your rod with a spinning reel that has a smooth drag system and a high gear ratio. A 1000 to 2500 size reel should be sufficient for most perch fishing situations.


When it comes to line, choose a monofilament or braided line in the 4 to 8 pound test range. This will allow you to cast lightweight lures and detect bites easily.


Perch are smaller fish, so you don’t need heavy weights to catch them. A split shot or small sinker is usually sufficient to get your bait or lure down to the desired depth.


There are a variety of perch-specific tackle options available, including jigs, spinners, and live bait rigs. Experiment with different options to find what works best for you and the conditions you are fishing in.

By selecting the right equipment, you’ll increase your chances of catching more perch and having a successful day on the water.

Selecting the Right Bait

When it comes to catching perch, selecting the right bait is crucial. The two main types of bait are live bait and artificial lures. In this section, we will discuss the advantages and disadvantages of each type of bait.

Live Bait

Live bait can be very effective when fishing for perch. Here are some popular live bait options:

  • Minnows: Small minnows are a popular choice for catching perch. They can be found near the shore or in shallow water.
  • Worms: Nightcrawlers and red worms are also effective for catching perch. They can be found in most bait shops.
  • Crayfish: Crayfish are another popular option for catching perch, especially larger ones. They can be found in most bodies of water.
  • Leeches: While not as popular as other live bait options, leeches can be effective for catching perch.

When using live bait, it’s important to keep it as natural as possible. This means using a hook that matches the size of the bait and presenting it in a way that mimics the way the bait would move in the water.

Artificial Lures

Artificial lures can also be effective for catching perch. Here are some popular options:

  • Jigs: Jigs are a versatile option that can be used in a variety of situations. They are especially effective when fishing in deeper water.
  • Spinners: Spinners are another popular option for catching perch. They are effective in both shallow and deep water.
  • Crankbaits: Crankbaits are effective for catching larger perch. They are designed to mimic the movement of small fish.
  • Marabou Jig: The marabou jig is a popular option for catching perch. It is especially effective when fishing in shallow water.
  • Spoons: Spoons are a popular option for catching larger perch. They are designed to mimic the movement of small fish.

When using artificial lures, it’s important to match the lure to the conditions. This means using a lure that matches the size and color of the baitfish in the area.

In conclusion, selecting the right bait is crucial when fishing for perch. Whether you choose live bait or artificial lures, it’s important to keep it natural and match the bait to the conditions. With the right bait and technique, you can catch a lot of perch.

Locating Perch Habitat

When it comes to catching perch, knowing where to find them is crucial. Perch tend to inhabit a variety of environments, from weed beds and rocky structures to ponds and streams. Here are some of the most common perch habitats and how to locate them.

Shoreline and Weed Beds

One of the most popular places to find perch is along the shoreline and in weed beds. Perch are known to hide in the vegetation and wait for prey to come along. Look for weed beds that are close to shore and have a mix of different types of vegetation. Some of the best types of weeds to look for include milfoil, coontail, and cabbage.

Rocky Structures and Drop-offs

Perch are also known to congregate around rocky structures and drop-offs. These areas provide cover and hiding spots for the fish. Look for rocky structures that are close to shore and have plenty of crevices and holes for the fish to hide in. Drop-offs are also great places to find perch, as they provide a transition zone between shallow and deep water.

Ponds and Streams

Perch can also be found in ponds and streams that have slow-moving water. Look for areas with plenty of vegetation and cover, such as fallen logs and overhanging trees. In ponds, look for areas that have a mix of shallow and deep water, as perch tend to move between these areas throughout the day.

Great Lakes

For those fishing in the Great Lakes, perch can be found in a variety of locations. Look for areas with rocky bottoms, as well as drop-offs and weed beds. Perch tend to congregate in large schools, so keep an eye out for other anglers who may have already found a school of fish.

When locating perch habitat, keep in mind that the fish tend to move around throughout the day. It may take some trial and error to find the best spots to fish. However, by targeting the areas mentioned above, anglers can increase their chances of catching a mess of perch.

How to Catch Perch Techniques

When it comes to catching perch, there are several techniques that can be effective. Here are three techniques that are commonly used:


Casting is a popular technique for catching perch. It involves casting a lure or bait out into the water and retrieving it in a way that mimics the movement of prey. A lightweight spinning rod and reel is typically used for casting, and lures such as jigs, spinners, and crankbaits can be effective. When casting for perch, it is important to look for structure, such as weed beds or drop-offs, where perch are likely to be hiding.


Jigging is another effective technique for catching perch. It involves dropping a jig or baited hook to the bottom of the water and then repeatedly lifting and lowering the bait to create a jigging motion. Perch are often attracted to the movement of the bait and will strike when it is lifted. Jigging is particularly effective in deep water or when fishing for larger perch.

Still Fishing

Still fishing is a simple technique that involves baiting a hook and then letting it sit in one spot in the water. A slip bobber can be used to keep the bait at a specific depth, and live bait such as small fish, crickets, or aquatic insects can be effective. Still fishing is often used when fishing for ringed perch or raccoon perch in shallow water.

Regardless of the technique used, it is important to pay attention to the behavior of the perch. Perch are often found in schools, so if one perch is caught, it is likely that there are more in the area. Additionally, perch tend to congregate around structure such as weed beds or drop-offs. By paying attention to these factors and using the right technique, it is possible to catch jumbo perch and have a successful day on the water.

More How to Catch Freshwater Fish Post

How to catch Alligator Gar 

How to Catch Northern Pike

How to Catch Carp

How to Catch Bowfin